Understanding Credit

How Many Points Does Your Credit Score Drop If You’re Late On A Payment?

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A credit score is a numerical rating that represents a person’s creditworthiness. It measures how likely someone is to repay their debts on time based on their credit history. Credit scores are typically calculated using a mathematical formula that considers various factors, including payment history, the amount of debt owed, length of credit history, types of credit used, and recent credit inquiries.

Lenders, credit card issuers, and other financial institutions use credit scores to assess the risk of lending money or extending credit to a particular individual. A higher score typically indicates a lower risk to lenders, while a lower score suggests a higher risk.

One of the most common questions we get about managing one’s credit score is whether missing one payment can lower a credit score. Your payment history can make up almost 35 percent of your overall score, making it one of the most important factors used to determine your overall score. Unfortunately, even one missed payment for a mortgage or another type of secured loan could cause a person’s score to drop significantly.

Maintaining a good score is important for obtaining favorable terms on loans, low-interest credit cards, and other forms of credit. It can also influence a person’s ability to buy a home, rent an apartment, get utilities set up, or even qualify for insurance.

Your credit score is not something you can directly make increase quickly as it reflects your credit history and financial behavior over time. However, there are steps you can take to improve your score over time:

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  1. Pay your bills on time: Late payments can have a negative impact on your score, so it’s important to pay all of your bills on time, including credit card payments, loans, and utilities.
  2. Keep your credit utilization low: Credit utilization is the amount of credit you’re using compared to your available credit limit. Aim to keep your credit utilization below 30% to avoid negatively affecting your score.
  3. Monitor your credit report: Regularly check your credit report to ensure that all information is accurate and up-to-date. If you find any errors or fraudulent activity, dispute it with the credit reporting agency.
  4. Use credit responsibly: Avoid opening too many new credit accounts simultaneously and only apply for credit when needed. Make sure to use credit responsibly by paying off balances in full each month and not maxing out credit cards.
  5. Maintain a long credit history: The length of your credit history is an important factor in your score, so avoid closing credit accounts unless necessary and keep old accounts open to maintain a longer credit history.

Improving your credit score takes time and effort, but by practicing responsible credit habits and monitoring your credit report, you can work towards achieving a higher score.

Budgeting assistance can be helpful for individuals who are struggling to make ends meet. A non-profit credit counseling agency can help individuals create a realistic budget that takes into account their income and expenses and can offer tips and strategies for managing their finances more effectively.

Consumer credit counseling involves reviewing the individual’s overall financial picture and making some suggestions to help the individual improve their personal finances over time. This can include suggestions for paying down debt, avoiding any new debt, setting up a realistic budget, and showing them how to dispute errors on their credit report.

The impact of a late payment on your credit score can vary depending on several factors, including the severity of the delinquency, how recent the missed payment was, and the overall health of your credit history. Generally speaking, the more severe the delinquency, say a missed mortgage payment or auto loan payment, the greater the impact on your score.

A single late payment can cause your credit score to drop by anywhere from 50 to 120 points, depending on your overall credit history and the severity of the delinquency. The longer the payment is overdue, the greater the impact on your score. For example, a payment that is 30 days late will have less of an impact on your score than a payment that is 90 days late.

It’s worth noting that the impact of late payment can also depend on your credit type. For example, a late payment on a mortgage or a car loan may have a greater impact on your score than a late payment on a credit card.

To minimize the impact of a late payment on your credit score, it’s important to make the payment as soon as possible. If you need help, you can try to contact the lender and explain your situation. If that doesn’t work, you can reach out to a non-profit credit counseling agency and see if they are able to work with the lender to set up a debt management plan to help you repay your debt.

Your credit score and credit report allow lenders, such as banks and credit unions, to determine how risky it would be to lend you money or credit. A credit history of timely payments tells lenders that you are likely to be a safe bet. On the other hand, a history of past due payments suggests that you are not a good candidate for receiving a loan.

Some light has been shed on the mysteries of just how our credit scores are affected by different things. FICO has disclosed how certain things like late payments, debt settlement (not to be confused with debt management), a foreclosure, or bankruptcy could affect your credit score.

How many points will it drop?

Let’s take a look at how FICO might calculate the hit your credit score would take for a 30-day late payment on something important like your mortgage. We will use three credit scores of 670, 720, and 780 as our examples. Keep in mind that a 670 score is considered average, while a 780 score is considered to be excellent.

Examples are as follows:

  • People with an average credit score of 670 could see their score drop down to around 520 or 530 after a 30-day late payment. That could be a possible drop of 150 points.
  • Consumers with a score of 720 could see that score drop down to 580 or 590 after a 30-day late payment. That’s a possible drop of 140 points.
  • People with a credit score of 780 could see their score drop as low as 620 after a 30-day late payment. That’s a possible drop of 160 points!

You might be surprised when you find out that the person with the higher credit score (780) is likely to take a much bigger hit on their score for everything from a single late payment to bankruptcy. However, no two consumers are alike, so the point deductions will vary, even between two people who have the same exact score of 780. The FICO point system takes into account any indication that you’re in over your head. Things like late payments and maxed-out credit card limits are considered warning flags, meaning that you might be headed for serious financial trouble.

If you have a low credit score, it’s important to work hard to try and raise it. Credit scores have become increasingly important if you need or want to borrow money, obtain a car loan, or purchase a home. These are just a few examples of what your credit score can be used for. Credit scores can also affect your ability to do simple things like buying a new cell phone or how much you’ll pay for auto or renters insurance. Applying for a new job could also be hampered because some potential employers may ask to pull your credit report.

One common myth that needs to be extinguished is that employers can see your credit score. This is simply not true. The credit report the company reviews does not have your credit score on it. However, even if they can’t see your score, they will be able to see any missed payments, late payments, bankruptcies, etc., and that will give them a good idea of how responsible you are with your finances. There are a few employers who might look at your credit report before deciding whether or not to offer you the job.

Factors that affect the impact of a past due amount:

• How long ago did the late payment occur?
• How late is the payment (30 days, 60 days, or 90-plus days)?
• How many other late payments are there?

Each credit reporting agency uses its own specific model for evaluating your credit history to determine a score. However, how past due payments may affect your credit score generally depends on how late the payment is, how recent the debt is, and your payment history for the individual loan. For example, a payment that is 60 days late has a greater negative impact on your score than a debt that is 30 days late. Similarly, a history of missed payments on a debt affects your score more severely than a single past-due payment.

How recent is the missed payment?

A recent past-due payment is more damaging than a missed or late payment from a year or more ago. A recently past due payment can cause a drop of 90-150 points on a FICO score of 780 or higher. On the other hand, a person with a 90-day late payment on a credit account from a year ago could see their credit score drop only 60-80 points following a new past-due payment.

How late is the debt?

Most lenders do not report a past-due payment until your account is 30 days or more past due. Fees and interest charges may still apply, but you do have a kind of grace period before the information gets sent to a credit reporting bureau.

It’s important to keep in mind that past-due payments remain on your credit report for up to seven years. If you missed a payment recently, meaning within the last one or two years, the effect on your score will be greater. It will continue to affect your score to a lesser and lesser degree as time goes on.

The most damaging missed payment is one that has been due for 90 days or more. From a general scoring perspective, an individual 90-day past due payment is almost as damaging to your score as filing bankruptcy.

Because the scoring model is set up to determine whether you will miss or be late on a payment within a given 90-day period, a payment that is excessively late will damage your score significantly for the entirety of the seven-year reporting period. The impact will not dissipate in any meaningful way over time.

How many other past-due amounts are there?

Having habitually past due payments can cause long-term damage to your score and credit history. Being labeled a “repeat offender” by creditors makes you a higher risk and less likely to obtain competitive interest rates on loans, let alone a loan in the first place.

Conclusion –

The bottom line is that one slip up and your credit score may take a big dive, especially if you have otherwise stellar credit. Try to keep your payments on time, even if you can only make the minimum payment. If you are unable to make your minimum payments on time, if you are struggling with debt, or possibly facing foreclosure, get professional help immediately. You can contact the certified credit counselors at Advantage CCS for reliable and confidential help when exploring your debt relief options.


Disclaimer: The information provided is for informational purposes only. The materials are general in nature, are not offered as advice or guarantee, and should not be relied upon without advice from an attorney or a financial advisor. Reading the information does not constitute a legal contract, consulting, or any other relationship with Advantage Credit Counseling Service.
Author: Lauralynn Mangis
Lauralynn is the Online Marketing Specialist for AdvantageCCS. She is married and has two young daughters. She enjoys writing, reading, hiking, cooking, video games, sewing, and gardening. Lauralynn has a degree in Multimedia Technologies from Pittsburgh Technical College.